Diabetes Specialist

Lilia Hernandez, MD -  - Internal Medicine

Lilia Hernandez, MD

Internal Medicine located in Brownsville, TX

More than 29 million people in the United States have diabetes, a disease in which your body is unable to properly use and store glucose – or blood sugar. If you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes, or suspect you may have it, visit Lilia H. Hernandez MD in Brownsville, Texas. Dr. Hernandez can help you manage the condition and minimize complications. To schedule an appointment, call the office or book online today.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Your pancreas produces insulin to help you manage your blood sugar. When your body fails to produce insulin, produces it in insufficient amounts, or you can’t use insulin properly, your blood sugar levels may rise too high and lead to diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes usually develops in children or young adults. Your body stops producing insulin altogether and you must take daily injections.

In type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or your system isn’t able to use the insulin you do produce effectively. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs in adults older than 40 who are overweight or have a family history of the condition, but it can occur in younger people, too.

Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy. The body doesn’t produce enough insulin to control your blood sugar levels, which can affect the pregnancy and pose serious health concerns for the baby.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Diabetes, especially type 2, doesn’t always present with obvious symptoms. However, many diabetics share the following symptoms that lead to the diagnosis:

  • Uncontrollable thirst and frequent urination
  • Hunger and the inability to feel satisfied
  • Irritability and unexplained fatigue
  • Poor wound healing
  • Tingling in the hands and feet

If you have any of these symptoms, see Dr. Hernandez for an evaluation. 

What is insulin resistance syndrome?

Your body breaks sugars and starches that you consume into glucose, a simple sugar. Insulin helps your cells absorb the glucose from your blood, prompts your liver and muscles to store excess glucose, and reduces the production of glucose from your own liver.

When you’re insulin resistant, your body doesn’t respond to these prompts from insulin. As a result, your body can’t manage your blood sugar, and the levels rise. Over time, chronic high blood sugar levels can lead to prediabetes or type 2 diabetes.

What are the effects of diabetes?

When unmanaged, diabetes increases your risk of heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, blood vessel disease, nerve damage, and blindness. 

With gestational diabetes, your baby is at a greater risk of growing too large, being born with low blood sugar, or developing type 2 diabetes later in life. 

As a mother with gestational diabetes, you’re at greater risk of preeclampsia, in which you suffer dangerously high blood pressure and other life-threatening complications.

How do I manage diabetes?

Regular doctor appointments help you stay on top of your symptoms and blood sugar levels. As an internal medicine specialist, Dr. Hernandez can help you create an eating and exercise plan to support healthier blood sugar levels. 

You may need daily insulin injections or oral medications to help your body use glucose more effectively. 

To learn more and get help managing your diabetes, call the office or request an appointment online.